2012 Legislative Assembly elections of Goa, Manipur, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand

The terms of the Legislative Assemblies of Goa, Manipur, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand will expire as follows :
Goa 14.06.2012
Manipur 15.03.2012
Punjab 14.03.2012
Uttar Pradesh 20.05.2012
Uttarakhand 12.03.2012

Goa
The Indian National Congress has been governing Goa since 2005 with coalition partners, despite a controversial vote of confidence. It will go to the election with its ally, the Nationalist Congress Party, under Chief Minister Digambar Kamat. The main opposition BJP will go to the election under the leadership of former Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar. Corruption over mining is expected to be an issue in the election, as well as the BJP's attempts to reach out to Catholic voters. The election will occur on 3 March, with the result being announced on 6 March.

Manipur
Okram Ibobi Singh of the Indian National Congress has led Manipur for two consecutive full terms. The main opposition consists of the Manipur People’s Party, Bharatiya Janata Party, Nationalist Congress Party and Janata Dal – United.
The election will take place on 28 January, with the result being announced on 6 March.
There are 60 constituencies for which 2,357 polling stations are to be setup. In a total electorate of 17,40,820, 8,51,323 are men and 8,89,497 are women. The major issues are territorial integrity (which ensues from the entry of the Nagaland People's Front (the ruling party in neighbouring Nagaland) into the electoral politics of Manipur), the road blockades of National Highways 39 and 53 and the role of insurgents.

Punjab
Punjab has traditionally voted anti-incumbency in assembly elections. The incumbent government is an alliance of the Shiromani Akali Dal and the Bharatiya Janata Party under Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal. The opposition Indian National Congress is expected to contest under the leadership of former Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh. The governance of the ruling coalition will be an election issue, besides the issue of the potential succession of the chief minister's son, Sukhbir Singh Badal. A new entrant is the front Sanjha Morcha which comprises of the newly formed People's Party of Punjab (PPP) led by former finance minister Manpreet Singh Badal. The Sanjha Morcha comprises of the PPP, the Communist Party of India, the Communist Party of India - Marxist and the Akali Dal (Longowal). The election will take place on 30 January, with the result being announced on 6 March.

Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand has turned out incumbent governments in the two elections held since its creation. The Bharatiya Janata Party will fight the election under the leadership of its Chief Minister Bhuvan Chandra Kandhuri. The main opposition Indian National Congress is led in the assembly by Harak Singh Rawat, but no Chief Ministerial candidate has been proposed. The interim tenure of former Chief Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal, which was marked by large-scale corruption accusations, is likely to be an election issue. The election will occur on 30 January, with the result being announced on 6 March.

Uttar Pradesh
Mayawati's Bahujan Samaj Party has completed its first full-term, majority government in the state in two decades. The sitting government has come under criticism for corruption and publicity for the erection of statues and parks in honour of its chief minister. In the run-up to the election, the BSP has fired some ministers and denied re-election to sitting legislators to avoid the corruption stigma. Another important issue will be the proposed division into four smaller provinces. The primary opposition will be led by former Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav of the Samajwadi Party. The election will take place in seven phases on 8, 11, 15, 19, 23, 28 February and 3 March, with the result being announced on 6 March.

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